Kanekes People's

Kanekes People's or Baduy / Bedouin are an indigenous group in the Sunda region Lebak, Banten. Their population of about 5,000 to 8,000 people, and they constitute one of the tribes who apply insulation from the outside world. In addition they also have a vague belief to be photographed.
The term "Bedouin" is the name given by people outside the community, the term originated from the Dutch researchers who seem to equate them with a group of Arab Badawi who is sedentary societies (nomadic). Another possibility is due to the River and Mount Bedouin Bedouin in the northern part of the region. They are prefer to call themselves as "People Of Kanekes" in accordance with the name of their territory, or a designation that refers to the name of their village as Cibeo's People.

Kanekes region is geographically located at coordinates 6 ° 27'27 "- 6 ° 30'0" latitude and 108 ° 3'9 "- 106 ° 4'55" East. They live right at the foot of the mountains in the Kendeng Kanekes village, Leuwidamar district , Lebak-Rangkasbitung, Banten, is about 40 km from the Rangkasbitung city .  that areas part of the Mountains Kendeng with altitude 300-600 m above sea level (DPL) has a hilly and undulating topography with an average slope of the soil reaches 45%, which is a volcanic soil (in the north), soil sediment (in the middle), and soil mixture (in the south). average temperature of 20 ° C.
Three main village people Kanekes In the Cikeusik, CIkertawana, and Cibeo.
The language they use is Sundanese, Banten sundanese dialect. To communicate with people outside their current use Indonesian language, although they do not get that knowledge from the school. They are not familiar with the culture In writing, so that the customs, belief / religion, and ancestral stories just stored in verbal speech alone.
Kanekes people do not know the school, as opposed to formal education their customs. They rejected a government proposal to build school facilities in their villages. Even to this day, although since the days of Suharto's government has tried to force them to change their ways and build modern school facilities in their area, people still refuse Kanekes the government's efforts. As a result, the majority of people Kanekes can not read or write and draw.
Kanekes people still have a historical relationship with the Sundanese. Physical appearance and their language is similar to the Sundanese people in general. The only difference is their beliefs and way of life. Kanekes people shut themselves from the influence of the outside world and strictly maintain their traditional way of life, while the Sundanese people are more open to foreign influences and the majority embraced to Islam.
Kanekes society in general is divided into three groups: tangtu, panamping, and dangka.
Tangtu group is a group known as Kanekes In (Baduy In), which most closely follow the custom, namely residents living in three villages: Cibeo, Cikertawana, and Cikeusik. Characteristic Kanekes People are dressed in white, natural and dark blue and wearing a white headband. They are forbidden by custom to meet with strangers.Kanekes Inside is part of a whole people Kanekes. Unlike Kanekes Outside, residents Kanekes Inside still adhere to the customs of their ancestors.
Kanekes Insider is part of a whole people Kanekes. Unlike Kanekes Outside, Some rules adopted by the tribe Kanekes Insider include:
  • Not allowed to use vehicles to transport
  • Shall not use footwear
  • Door of the house should face north / south (except for the Pu'un)
  • may not use electronic equipment (technology)
  • Using cloth black / white as the garment is woven and stitched his own, should not use modern clothing. 
The second community group called panamping are those known as Kanekes Outer (Outer Baduy), who lived in different villages scattered around the region Kanekes In, like Cikadu, Kaduketuk, Kadukolot, Gajeboh, Cisagu, and so forth. Society of Foreign Kanekes distinctively dressed and black headband. 
Foreign Kanekes are people who have come out of peoples and regions Kanekes Insider. There are several things that cause the release of citizens to Kanekes Foreign Kanekes Insider:  
  • They have violated customary Kanekes In society.
  • Desiring to get out of Kanekes Insider
  • Married to a member of Foreign Kanekes
The characteristics of the Foreign Kanekes People   
  • They had known technologies, such as electronic equipment, although its use remains a prohibition for any Kanekes citizens, including citizens of foreign Kanekes. They use the equipment by stealth to escape detection for inspectors from Kanekes Insider.
  • The development process Kanekes Foreign houses have been using assistive devices, such as saws, hammers, nails, etc., which previously prohibited by customary Kanekes Insider. 
  • Using traditional dress with black or dark blue (for men), which indicates that they are not holy. Sometimes using modern clothing such as T-shirts and jeans.
  • Using modern household appliances, such as mattresses, pillows, plates & cups glass & plastic.
  • They live outside the area Kanekes Insider.   
The Origins
According to the beliefs they hold, the person claiming descent from Batara Kanekes roots, one of the seven gods or a god who is sent to earth. The origin is often attributed to the Prophet Adam as the first ancestor. According to their belief, Adam and his descendants, including the resident has the task to be imprisoned or Kanekes ascetic (mandita) to maintain the harmony of the world.
Opinions regarding the origin of the different Kanekes opinion among the historians, who based his opinion by the synthesis of some historical evidence in the form of inscriptions, travelogues Portuguese and Chinese sailors, and folktales about the 'Tatar Sunda' which is quite minimal existence. Kanekes communities associated with the Sunda Kingdom before its collapse in the 16th century centered on Pakuan Pajajaran (around Bogor now). Before the founding of the Sultanate of Banten, the western tip of Java island is an important part of the Kingdom of Sunda. Bantam is a fairly large trading port. Ciujung rivers are navigable various types of boats, and crowded is used to transport agricultural products from rural areas. Thus the ruler of the region, known as Prince shoots General considers that the preservation of the river should be maintained. For that diperintahkanlah royal army of highly trained to maintain and manage the heavily wooded and hilly areas in the region of Mount Kendeng. The existence of a special task forces with the Society seems to be the forerunner Kanekes that still inhabit the headwaters on Mount Kendeng Ciujung it. Differences of opinion was brought to the allegation that in the past, their historical identity and accidentally closed, which is probably
to protect communities from attack Kanekes Pajajaran enemies.
Van Tricht, a doctor who had conducted medical research in 1928, refuting the theory. According to him, people Kanekes is a native of the area who have a strong thrust to external influences (Garna, 1993b: 146). Kanekes own people refused to say that they came from the people an escape from Pajajaran, the capital of the Kingdom of Sunda. According Danasasmita and Djatisunda (1986: 4-5) the Bedouins are the locals who made ​​mandala '(sacred area) formally by the king, because the population is obliged to raise kabuyutan (place of worship of ancestors or ancestors), not a Hindu or Buddhist religion. Principal in this region known as Sunda kabuyutan Teak or 'Sundanese Original' or Wiwitan Sundanese (wiwitan = native, origin, principal, teak). Hence their original religion was given the name of the Sunda Wiwitan. The king that makes the Bedouin as a mandala is Rakeyan Darmasiksa. 

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